# NA1-1: Use a range of counting, grouping, and equal-sharing strategies with whole numbers and fractions.

This means students will use counting strategies including counting on and back, double counting, and skip counting. This corresponds to the counting stages of the number framework so achieving level one means that a student is at the Advanced Counting Stage. Examples of their strategies might be: to calculate 6 + 5 count 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, to calculate 12 – 3 count 11, 10, 9, or to calculate three groups of three double counting 1, 2, 3,...4, 5, 6,...7, 8, 9. Grouping and equal sharing strategies are simple ways to solve addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, and fractions of sets problems without counting every object. Examples of these strategies might be: knowing 4 + 4 equals 8, skip counting 5, 10, 15, 20 to count four groups of five, or sharing objects in ones, twos or threes to find one quarter of a set of 12 items.