NA2-6: Communicate and interpret simple additive strategies, using words, diagrams (pictures), and symbols.
This means students will be able to use words, symbols and diagrams to explain their number strategies to others. Recording also allows students to think through solutions to problems and allows them to reduce their working memory load by storing information in written form. This is particularly important for the solving of complex, multi-step problems. Students should be able to write the numerals for whole numbers, to 1000, and simple fractions. They should also be able to write addition, subtraction, multiplication and division equations with understanding of the meaning of these operations and of the equals sign as meaning “equal to”. Similarly they should know which operation to perform on a calculator if the numbers are beyond their mental range. Students should also be familiar with using empty number lines to record addition and subtraction strategies and of drawing arrays to record simple multiplication and division strategies. Formal written algorithms for multi-digit addition and subtraction should not be taught at Level Two until students have the place value knowledge required to understand them.