NA4-2: Understand addition and subtraction of fractions, decimals, and integers.
This means students will understand decimals as fractions, and be able to express decimals in fraction form and vice versa, for example 2.47 = 2 + 4 tenths + 7 hundredths (2 + 4/10 + 7/100 ), or 247 hundredths (247/100). They should solve addition and subtraction problems with decimals and with fractions (denominators must be related multiples), for example 13.2 – 5.79 = 7.41 and 3/4 + 7/8 = 13/8 = 1 5/8 by choosing appropriately from mental, machine and paper methods. Students should apply the strategies used for mental calculation with whole numbers to addition and subtraction of decimals, including standard place value, compensation after rounding, and applying inverse (reversing). Formal written algorithms for decimal addition and subtraction should be taught at Level Four after students have the place value knowledge required to understand them.