GM1-5: Communicate and record the results of translations, reflections, and rotations on plane shapes.
This means students will physically carry out translations, reflections, and rotations on shapes and discuss what patterns they see. Translations are shifts of a shape along a line, for example repeating a potato print across the top border of a page. Reflections are images of a shape as though it is reflected in a mirror. Rotations are turns, so when an object is turned about a point, either inside or outside of itself, the image is a rotation of the original shape. At level one rotations can be described as fractions of a full turn, for example half and quarter turns.