# Using Tens Frames for One to One Counting

Purpose

The purpose of this “unit” is to recognise the numbers 0 to 10 as represented using the quinary pattern on the tens frame.  This develops the students’ ability to visualise the quinary patterns and is fundamental to future work with tens frames and visualising number patterns.

Specific Learning Outcomes

Form the sets 0-10 on to an empty tens frame, using a quinary pattern (five in a row).

Pre-requisite knowledge / skills: students need to be secure in one to one counting and the forming of sets to 10.

Description of Mathematics

### Number Framework Stage

• One to one counting

Required Resource Materials
Teddies

Counters

Empty tens frames

Tens frames for the numbers 0-5

Activity
1. Teacher creates interest, for example, by telling a story about teddies on a bus.

2. Teacher makes a group of five teddies and asks:
How many teddies have I got?

3. Teacher and students count the teddies together 1-1.

4. Teacher demonstrates counting the five teddies on to the empty frame.

5. Teacher spreads  multiple copies of the tens frames (0-5) in front of the students and asks
Who can find me a pattern that matches the teddies?
How could you check that it’s the same?
Teacher encourages students to share their thinking in an open discussion.  Possible solutions include count it with finger, match them – side by side or on top.  Teacher establishes the link that 5 teddies have been replaced by 5 dots.

6. Repeat above with 1 – 4 teddies

7. For zero teddies: Teacher shows the students no teddies and asks them to find the matching tens frame.

8. Teacher gives each student their own set of tens frames to work with.

9. Teacher asks the students to put the tens frames 0-5 in order.  Students work on this together, discussing the task as they carry it out

Note: This type of activity needs to be repeated as long as required with different materials and different contexts – until students are confident in this skill.  This may take many weeks.

The following list of activities could form the basis for further development of one to one counting using tens frames.

• Repeat above teaching sequence for the numbers 6-10.
• Match numeral cards to tens frames (0-5) then 6-10.
• Students order their own set of tens frames (0-5) then 6-10.
• Students find the tens frame for a given number (0-5) then 6-10.
• Teacher flashes cards of tens frames to students and they chorus the number represented.
• Teacher flashes tens frames cards to individual students to identify.