Cows in Paddocks


The purpose of this activity is to help students learn groupings within 5. For example 1 and 4 make 5; 3 and 2 make 5.

Achievement Objectives
NA1-3: Know groupings with five, within ten, and with ten.
Specific Learning Outcomes

Recall groupings within 5, for example 1 and 4 make 5; 3 and 2 make 5.

Required Resource Materials
2 pieces of card or paper

5 plastic cows or other farm animals

  1. Show the students the cows and the 2 pieces of paper (that represent paddocks). Explain to the students that the farmer has a group of cows and 2 paddocks to keep them in.
  2. Ask:
    How many cows does the farmer have?
  3. Confirm by counting that there are 5 cows.
  4. Ask:
    If the farmer has 2 cows in one paddock, how many cows will be in the other paddock?
  5. Place two cows in one paddock and three cows in the other paddock. Confirm by counting that there are 3 cows in the second paddock.
  6. Clearly state the number fact:
    There are 2 cows in this paddock and 3 cows in this paddock, there are 5 cows altogether.
  7. Ask:
    How else could the farmer arrange the cows between the two paddocks?
  8. Identify all of the possible arrangements (1 and 4; 0 and 5) and for each example clearly state the related number fact.


This activity can be repeated using ten cows to help learn groupings within 10.

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