Subtraction facts to 10


The purpose of this activity is to help your child to practice the subtraction facts to 10.

Link to the Number Framework:

Basic Facts, Stage 4

What you need:

10 small items (e.g. counters, paper clips, coins etc)

What to do:

Ask your child to make a pile of the 10 items. Take away some of the items and tell your child how many you have taken. Ask your child how many are left. For example, “I am taking away 4 paper clips, how many are left?”

What to expect your child to do:

Your child may begin by counting the items left. Over time expect your child to instantly recall the subtraction facts.


Ask your child to work out how many items you have taken from the pile by counting the items left.

Related Māori vocab:

tango (~hia)

Download a file of this activity:

PDF (93KB) or Word (59KB)

Download a file of this activity including questions to ask in Māori:

PDF (118KB) or Word (61KB)