### Purpose:

The purpose of this activity is to help your child learn number combinations within 5 and 10. For example 2 and 3 is 5, 6 and 4 is 10.

### What to do:

Work with five fingers at first, developing knowledge of number combinations of 5.

- Ask your child to hold up the fingers of one hand.

*How many fingers have you got?* - Ask your child questions about making 5, for example:

*Show me 2 fingers. How many fingers to make 5?*

Show me 4 fingers. How many fingers to make 5? - Ask your child questions about taking away from 5, for example:

*Show me 5 fingers. If you tuck 3 away how many would be left standing?*

Show me 5 fingers. If you tuck 1 away how many would be left standing? - Work through all the combinations of 5 in this way.

Once your child knows the combinations of 5 confidently, use 10 fingers to develop their knowledge of the combinations of 10. Make sure children "use up" the fingers on one hand before using the second.

### What to expect your child to do:

- Be able to instantly recognise combinations of numbers that add to 5: 1 and 4, 3 and 2, 5 and 0.
- Be able to instantly recognise combinations of numbers that add to 10: 1 and 9, 2 and 8, 3 and 7, 4 and 6, 5 and 5, 10 and 0.

### Related Māori vocab:

addition facts | meka tāpiritanga |

subtraction facts | meka tangohanga |

**He Whakawhitinga Kōrero:**

- Whakaaturia ngā matimati o tō ringa mauī.
*(Show me the fingers of your left hand.)* - E hia ngā matimati?
*(How many fingers?)* - Whakaaturia kia rua ngā matimati. E hia atu anō ka rima?
*(Show me two fingers. How many more to make 5?)* - Whakaaturia kia rima ngā matimati. Tangohia kia whā. E hia e toe mai ana?
*(Show me 5 fingers. Take away 4. How many left?)*

### Download a file of this activity:

PDF (189KB)