# Using Fingers

### Purpose:

The purpose of this activity is to help your child learn number combinations within 5 and 10. For example 2 and 3 is 5, 6 and 4 is 10.

### What to do:

Work with five fingers at first, developing knowledge of number combinations of 5.

• Ask your child to hold up the fingers of one hand.
How many fingers have you got?
Show me 2 fingers. How many fingers to make 5?
Show me 4 fingers. How many fingers to make 5?
Show me 5 fingers. If you tuck 3 away how many would be left standing?
Show me 5 fingers. If you tuck 1 away how many would be left standing?
• Work through all the combinations of 5 in this way.

Once your child knows the combinations of 5 confidently, use 10 fingers to develop their knowledge of the combinations of 10. Make sure children "use up" the fingers on one hand before using the second.

### What to expect your child to do:

• Be able to instantly recognise combinations of numbers that add to 5: 1 and 4, 3 and 2, 5 and 0.
• Be able to instantly recognise combinations of numbers that add to 10: 1 and 9, 2 and 8, 3 and 7, 4 and 6, 5 and 5, 10 and 0.

### Related Māori vocab:

 addition facts meka tāpiritanga subtraction facts meka tangohanga

### He Whakawhitinga Kōrero:

• Whakaaturia ngā matimati o tō ringa mauī. (Show me the fingers of your left hand.)
• E hia ngā matimati? (How many fingers?)
• Whakaaturia kia rua ngā matimati. E hia atu anō ka rima? (Show me two fingers. How many more to make 5?)
• Whakaaturia kia rima ngā matimati. Tangohia kia whā. E hia e toe mai ana? (Show me 5 fingers. Take away 4. How many left?)