Hei Tūhura Poraka Āhua

Te Kaupae Ako
He Tauira Whakawhitiwhiti Kōrero
He taonga ōrite (Objects the same)
As opportunities arise naturally, identify a shape and ask the children to find another one that is the same. Question them about what makes the shapes the same to draw their attention to the features of the objects:
 
Can you find a shape like Hemi’s one? How is it like Hemi’s?
E kite ana koe i tētahi atu poraka he ōrite te āhua ki tā Hēmi?
 
Have you got a shape similar to this one? What makes it similar?
He ōrite te āhua o tō poraka ki tēnei? He aha i ōrite ai?
 
Can you get another one that looks like Chloe’s. How does it look like Chloe’s?
Kimihia tētahi atu poraka he ōrite te āhua ki tā Hāriata. He aha i ōrite ai ki tāna?
 
Can you find me another one like that? What makes that one the same?
E kite ana koe i tētahi atu poraka he pēnā anō te āhua?
 
When children are playing with shapes support them to find pairs of shapes that are the same. Encourage pairings based on a variety of different shape features, as this extends the range of features children are familiar with. For example:
 
Can you find 2 shapes that are the same? What is the same about them?
Kimihia kia rua ngā poraka ōrite. He aha ngā āhuatanga ōrite o tēnā me tēnā?
 
Let’s match this shape with one another that is the same. What makes them the same?
Kimihia tētahi atu poraka he ōrite ki tēnei. He aha ngā mea ōrite?
 
Which shape can we pair with this one? Tell me why you think they go together?
He aha te poraka hei hoa takirua mō tēnei? He aha koe i whakaaro ai kia noho takirua ēnei poraka e rua?
He taonga ōrite, he taonga rerekē
(Objects the same and different)
As opportunities arise in play encourage children to sort shapes on the basis of their similarities and differences. This helps them develop the understanding that similar objects can be grouped. For example:
 
Let's make a pile of shapes that are alike? How are they the same?
Whakaputungia ngā poraka he ōrite te āhua. He aha ngā āhuatanga ōrite o ngā poraka i tēnā putunga?
 
Can you help me sort these shapes into groups?   How shall we sort them?
Āwhinatia mai kia whakarōpū i ngā poraka. Me pēhea te whakarōpū? He aha ngā āhuatanga ōrite o tēnā rōpū?
 
Can you help, which pile/group should I put this shape in? 
Āwhinatia mai. Ki tēhea rōpū hoatu ai i tēnei poraka?
 
Where does this square belong? How do you know?
Ko tēhea te rōpū e tika ana mō tēnei tapawhā? He aha ai?
 
Follow the sorting with questions that encourage children to describe their thinking with a focus on the attributes of the shapes:
 
How is this triangle the same the ones in this pile?
He aha i ōrite ai tēnei tapatoru ki ngā tapatoru o tēnā rōpū?
 
How is this shape different to those ones? 
He aha i rerekē ai tēnei poraka i ērā? He aha ngā āhuatanga rerekē o tēnei poraka me ngā poraka o tērā rōpū?
 
What is the same about the circles in this pile?
He aha ngā āhuatanga ōrite o ngā porowhita i tēnei rōpū?
 
Why did you put these shapes together?
He aha koe i hoatu ai i ēnei poraka ki te rōpū kotahi?
 
Why don’t these shapes belong with these ones?
He aha i kore ai i tika ēnei poraka mō tēnā rōpū?
 
Why does this rectangle belong in that group?
He aha i tika ai tēnei tapawhā mō tēnā rōpū?
 
Use the shape sorting questions above in a variety of role play contexts. For example:
Set up a shape shop and ask the children to help organise the shapes into piles on the shelves.
Make shape trains and ask the children to sort the shapes into groups for each carriage.
Make shape soup and ask the children to help by sorting the shapes into different groups for different pots of soup.
Te whakarōpū taonga
(Classifying objects)
When children are playing with 2-dimensional shapes and 3-dimensional objects, provide them with some boxes and encourage them to sort the shapes into these. Listening to the features the children use to sort will give you information about the features they know. Focus on unknown features to entend their knowledge.
 
This triangle has 3 sides and is flat. Let’s put all the triangles in this box. Who can find one?
E toru ngā tapa torotika o tēnei tapatoru. He papatahi hoki. Me hoatu ngā tapatoru katoa ki tēnei pouaka. Kimihia ngā tapatoru katoa.
 
Look at the shape Crystal’s found. Does it belong in our box? Is it the same as the one in there? How?
Titiro ki te poraka a Hana. E tika ana kia tukuna atu ki tā tātou pouaka. He ōrite ki ngā poraka kei roto i te pouaka? He aha ai?
 
What about that shape? it's a square. Does that belong with these ones? Why? What is the same about them?
Pēhea tērā poraka? He tapawhā. E tika ana kia hoatu ki te taha o ēnei? He aha ai? He aha ngā āhuatanga ōrite?
 
Jeremy has found a long shape called an oval. Does that fit with the ones in our box? Why not?
He roa te poraka a Heremaia. He pororapa te āhua, he rite ki te āhua o te whutupōro. E tika ana mō tā tātou pouaka? He aha i kore ai?
 
 
Play a "guess the shape" game by hiding a shape inside an opaque bag and telling the children about its features. Take turns hiding and describing the shape. Ask each child to get a shape they think is the same as the one in the bag.
 
I have a flat shape with 3 sides in the bag. Can everybody get one which they think is the same as mine?
E toru ngā tapa o te poraka kei roto i taku pēke, he papatahi hoki. Mā koutou e kimi tētahi poraka he ōrite ki te āhua o tāku.
 
I have a solid shape that rolls. Who can find one like that?
He mātotoru te poraka kei roto i taku pēke. He pai noa iho tana takahurihuri ina pīrorihia. Kimihia tētahi poraka e ōrite ana.
 
This shape is flat and has 4 corners. Get you one the same?
He papatahi tēnei poraka, e whā ōna kokonga. Tangohia tētahi e ōrite ana.
 
After everybody has chosen a shape, reveal the hidden shape and ask the children about the shapes they have selected.
 
Tell me about all the shapes people chose.
Kōrero mai mō ngā poraka kua tangohia e tēnā me tēnā o tātou.
 
Which shapes are the same? How are they similar?
Ko ēhea ngā poraka e ōrite ana? He aha ngā āhuatanga ōrite?
 
Which shapes don’t belong in this group? Why? What makes them different?
Ko ēhea ngā poraka kāore e tika ana mō tēnei rōpū? He aha ngā āhuatanga rerekē?
 
What’s the same about all these shapes?
He aha ngā āhuatanga ōrite o ēnei poraka katoa?