Subtraction Basic Facts


The purpose of this activity is to help your child practice the subtraction facts to 20.

Link to the Number Framework:

Basic Facts, Stage 6

What you need:

Game board (PDF,93KB) . You can print these or make your own.
Cardboard. (Old cereal boxes are good)

What to do:

Glue the game card on to cardboard. Cut up the game cards, shuffle and place in a face down pile between the players. Give each player a game board.
Players take turns to select two cards and arrange them to make a subtraction fact. For example, 17 and 5, form the subtraction fact 17 – 5. If the answer is available on their game board they can cross it off. The cards are returned to the bottom of the pile. The cards are shuffled every now and then during the game. The winner is the first player to cross off 5 numbers on their game board.

What to expect your child to do:

Over time expect your child to instantly recall the subtraction facts to 20.


Play until one player has crossed off 10 of the numbers on their game board.

Related Māori vocab:

riwhiriwhi (~a)
putunga kāri
pile of cards
tango (~hia)
result, answer
papa tākaro
game board
kāri tau
number card

Download a file of this activity:

PDF (93KB) or Word (59KB)

Download a file of this activity including questions to ask in Māori:

PDF (118KB) or Word (61KB)