Skittles

Purpose:

The purpose of this activity is to help your child learn the addition and subtraction facts of 10. For example, 2 + 8 = 10 and 10 - 8 = 2.

Link to Number Framework:

Number Facts, Stages 0-3

What you need:

  • A set of 10 skittles. You can make these using empty plastic bottles with a little sand or water in them to help them balance.
  • Two balls

What to do:

  • Set up skittles in a 4, 3, 2, 1 triangular array. You can draw circles on the ground (if outside) or place these on a piece of material or sheet of plastic with circles drawn on (if inside), to help children place these correctly.
  • The child rolls the ball. Talk about how many skittles have fallen, for example if three skittles are down:
    How many skittles are standing? 7
    How many skittles have fallen? 3
    We can say 7 and 3 is 10, or 10 take away 3 is 7
  • It is important to focus on both addition and subtraction facts to help your child understand the link between these.
  • Help your child to write the addition and subtraction facts on a piece of paper:
    7 + 3 = 10
    10 - 3 + 7
    Set up the skittles again and repeat.

What to expect your child to do:

  • Know the answer to addition facts to 10 without having to calculate:
    0 + 10 = 10                
    1 + 9 = 10
    2 + 8 = 10
    3 + 7 = 10
    4 + 6 = 10
    5 + 5 = 10
    10 + 0 = 10
    9 + 1 = 10
    8 + 2 = 10
    7 + 3 = 10
    6 + 4 = 10
  • Know the answer to subtraction facts of 10 without having to calculate:
    10 - 1 = 9               
    10 - 2 = 8
    10 - 3 = 7
    10 - 4 = 6
    10 - 5 = 5
    10 - 0 = 10
    10 - 9 = 1
    10 - 8 = 2
    10 - 7 = 3
    10 - 6 = 4
    10 - 10 = 0

Related Māori vocab:

skittle pātuki
addition facts meka tāpiritanga
subtraction facts meka tangohanga

Download a file of this activity:

PDF (85KB) or Word (50KB)

Download a file of this activity including questions to ask in Māori:

PDF (91KB) or Word (54KB)