# Skittles

### Purpose:

The purpose of this activity is to help your child learn the addition and subtraction facts of 10. For example, 2 + 8 = 10 and 10 - 8 = 2.

### Link to Number Framework:

Number Facts, Stages 0-3

### What you need:

• A set of 10 skittles. You can make these using empty plastic bottles with a little sand or water in them to help them balance.
• Two balls

### What to do:

• Set up skittles in a 4, 3, 2, 1 triangular array. You can draw circles on the ground (if outside) or place these on a piece of material or sheet of plastic with circles drawn on (if inside), to help children place these correctly.
• The child rolls the ball. Talk about how many skittles have fallen, for example if three skittles are down:
How many skittles are standing? 7
How many skittles have fallen? 3
We can say 7 and 3 is 10, or 10 take away 3 is 7
• It is important to focus on both addition and subtraction facts to help your child understand the link between these.
• Help your child to write the addition and subtraction facts on a piece of paper:
7 + 3 = 10
10 - 3 + 7
Set up the skittles again and repeat.

### What to expect your child to do:

• Know the answer to addition facts to 10 without having to calculate:  0 + 10 = 10                 1 + 9 = 10 2 + 8 = 10 3 + 7 = 10 4 + 6 = 10 5 + 5 = 10 10 + 0 = 10 9 + 1 = 10 8 + 2 = 10 7 + 3 = 10 6 + 4 = 10
• Know the answer to subtraction facts of 10 without having to calculate:  10 - 1 = 9                10 - 2 = 8 10 - 3 = 7 10 - 4 = 6 10 - 5 = 5 10 - 0 = 10 10 - 9 = 1 10 - 8 = 2 10 - 7 = 3 10 - 6 = 4 10 - 10 = 0

### Related Māori vocab:

 skittle pātuki addition facts meka tāpiritanga subtraction facts meka tangohanga

### Download a file of this activity:

PDF (85KB) or Word (50KB)

### Download a file of this activity including questions to ask in Māori:

PDF (91KB) or Word (54KB)