Facts to 5 – Memory and Flash Cards


The purpose of this activity is to help your child to develop instant knowledge of basic addition and subtraction facts to 5.

Link to Number Framework:

Number Facts, Stages 0 - 3

What you need:

  • Game cards (PDF, 25KB). You can print these or make your own.

What to do:

Use the facts to 5 cards to play memory. The aim of the game is to find as many matching pairs as possible by remembering where the cards are.

  • Spread out all the cards face down.
  • Turn over 2 cards. If the 2 number facts have the same answer they match and players get to keep the pair. For example "5 – 1" and "3 + 1" are a matching pair. If the number facts don’t match, players replace the cards face down.
  • Take turns to try and find a matching pair.
  • The winner is the player with the most pairs at the end of the game.


You can also use the game cards as flash cards.

  • Put the cards in a pile face down.
  • Ask your child to turn over the top card and call out the answer to the number fact as fast as possible.


What to expect your child to do:

Children might use their fingers to help at first, but with practice they should be able to give the answers to the addition and subtraction facts instantly.

Related Māori vocab:

basic addition facts meka tāpiritanga matua
basic subtraction facts meka tangohanga matua
matching pairs takirua taurite

Download a file of this activity:

PDF (97KB) or Word (63KB)

Download a file of this activity including questions to ask in Māori:

PDF (128KB) or Word (59KB)