Bean Addition

Purpose:

The purpose of this activity is to help your child to learn the number facts to 5 and to 10.

Link to Number Framework:

Number Facts, Stages 0-3

What you need:

10 Haricot Beans or similar. Paint these on one side using spray paint, nail polish or acrylic paint.

What to do:

Work with 5 objects at first until your child can give the combinations to five very quickly. Then use 10 objects.

  • Take 5 beans. Scatter the beans – some will land with the coloured side up.
  • Talk about the combination. Eg. For 3 coloured beans and 2 plain beans:
    3 and 2 make 5
    There are 3 coloured beans, how many to make 5?
    I’ve got the 3 coloured beans, you’ve got the 2 plain beans. How many altogether?
  • Ask your child to show you the number fact using the fingers on one hand. For example, to show 3 coloured beans and 2 plain beans put 3 fingers up and 2 fingers down.
  • Scatter the beans again, talk about the new combinations and ask your child to show these on their fingers.

 

Work with 10 beans when your child is confident with 5 beans. When using fingers to show the number facts to 10, fill up one hand first.

What to expect your child to do:

  • Instantly recall the number facts to 5 by the end of year 1 and to 10 by the end of year 2.
  • By the end of year 1 make the links between combinations within 5: 1+4, 3+2, 2+3 … and the fingers on one hand.
  • By the end of year 2 make the links between combinations within 10: 6+4, 8+2, 3+7 … and the fingers on both hands.

Related Māori vocab:

addition fact meka tāpiri
number facts to five ngā meka tauhono o te rima
number facts to ten ngā meka tauhono o te tekau

Download a file of this activity:

PDF (87KB) or Word (46KB)

Download a file of this activity including questions to ask in Māori:

PDF (93KB) or Word (54KB)