Addition and Subtraction to 10 Quick Recall


The purpose of this activity is to help your child to instantly recall the addition and subtraction facts up to 10.   

Link to the Number Framework:

Number Facts, Stage 4

What you need:

Addition and subtraction cards (PDF,93KB) . You can print these or make your own.
3 containers or jars labeled “quick” “learning” “later”

What to do:

Print out the cards and glue them to light cardboard. This will make them more durable, or make your own cards. Cereal boxes are good to work with.
Work with your child to write the answers on the back.
Cut out 4 cards from a family of facts and put them in the “learning” container. For example 2 + 3, 3 + 2, 5 – 2, 5 – 3. Note that some families only have 2 members, e.g. 2 + 2, 4 – 2. Put the other cards in the “later” container. It is easier to cut the cards to individual cards as you need them. As your child gets quick at giving the correct answers put the cards in the “quick” container.
Don’t rush as it is important they know the family of facts before a new family of facts is moved from the “later” container to the “learning” container.
Remember to practise cards from the “quick” container too, so they don’t’ forget them.

What to expect your child to do:

To recognise that the facts in a family of facts are related.
Over time expect your child to instantly recall the addition and subtraction facts. 


Ask your child to take one card and name another member of the same family of facts.

Related Māori vocab:

whētui (a)
kāri tāpiritanga
addition card
kāri tangohanga
subtraction card
tango (hia)
tāpiri (hia)
meka tāpiritanga
addition facts
meka tangohanga
subtraction facts
kāri e akohia ana
cards being learnt
kāri mō muri
cards for later
kāri kua mau ki te pūmahara
cards in memory bank

Download a file of this activity:

PDF (93KB) or Word (59KB)

Download a file of this activity including questions to ask in Māori:

PDF (118KB) or Word (61KB)

Download a Pasifika version of this activity:

PDF (10KB) or Word (522KB)