# Statistical Investigations Units of Work

### Level 1 Statistical Investigations

Achievement Objectives | Learning Outcomes | Unit title |

- sort objects into categories for display
- make a display of the data collected (pictograph)
- make statements about data displays
| I like trucks | |

Greedy Cat |

### Level 2 Statistical Investigations

Achievement Objectives | Learning Outcomes | Unit title |

- pose questions for investigation
- collect category data
- display data in tally charts, uniform pictograms bar charts
- make statements about data displays
| Party, Party, Party | |

- collect data on a tally chart
- make pictograms to represent data
- produce bar charts of data using Microsoft Excel
| My favourite * | |

- write questions for statistical investigations and design a method of collection of data
- display collected data in an appropriate format
- make statements about implications or possible actions based on the results of an investigation
- make conclusions on the basis of statistical investigations
| Planning a statistical Investigation | |

- collect information
- write questions for investigation
- sort information into categories
- display information to answer questions or find out things
- answer questions by sorting, organising and arranging information
- make sensible statements about the information and be able to back up their statements with appropriate displays
| Data Squares Level 2 |

### Level 3 Statistical Investigations

Achievement Objectives | Learning Outcomes | Unit title | ||

- display data in bar graphs and stem and leaf graphs
- discuss features of data display using middle, spread, and outliers
| Sports | |||

- plan an investigation
- display data in dot plots, strip graphs and pie charts
- discuss features of data display using middle, spread, and outliers
| Fridge pickers | |||

- record data in tables
- use scatter plot graphs to identify relationships between variables
| Paper Planes L3 | |||

- plan an investigation
- choose an appropriate data display (bar chart, stem-and-leaf, strip graph, line graph)
- make statements about the findings of the investigation
| Carrots | |||

- write questions for statistical investigations and design a method of collection of data
- display collected data in an appropriate format
- make statements about implications or possible actions based on the results of an investigation
- make conclusions on the basis of statistical investigations
| Planning a Statistical Investigation | |||

- collect informtion
- sort information into categories
- answer questions by sorting, organising and arranging information
- make sensible statements about the information with supporting evidence
| Data Squares Level 3 | |||

- interpret information from graphs
- make statements based on data shown on graphs
- identify the most suitable graph to show survey results
- construct graph using Excel
| Which Graph? with Excel | |||

- record data in tables
- display data in an appropriate format
- make a statement about a data display
- make sensible statements about information with reference to supporting evidence
| The shape of the nation | |||

- interpret information from graphs
- make statements based on data shown on graphs
- identify the most suitable graph to show survey results
| How do people get to work? | |||

- display collected data in an appropriate format
- produce bar charts of data using Microsoft Excel
- make statements about implications or possible events based on selected data
| A name is vital |

### Level 4 Statistical Investigations

Achievement Objectives | Learning Outcomes | Unit title |

- plan an investigation
- choose an appropriate data display (bar chart, stem-and-leaf, strip graph, line graph)
- make statements about the findings of the investigation
- use spreadsheets to display and analyse data
| Measuring up* Cars * Travel to school 1 * Travel to school 2 * | |

- plan an investigation
- use spreadsheets to display and analyse data
- discuss features of data display
| Sports statistics * | |

- follow and repeat a procedure to replicate exactly the same conditions
- measure and record distances accurately
- graph the starting positions and distances travelled on scatter graphs
- talk about distinctive features of scatter graphs
- make statements, backed up by reference to graphs, about possible actions
| Marble Roll | |

- pose investigative questions
- interpret and use spreadsheets that display data
- analyse a data sample
- present displays
- discuss features of a data display
| The gender gap |

### Level 5 Statistical Investigations

Achievement Objectives | Learning Outcomes | Unit title |

- plan an investigation
- discuss features of data displays using mean and mode
- state implications from investigation
| Average looking | |

- plan an investigation including selecting an appropriate sample
- choose and construct appropriate data displays
- discuss features of data displays using mean, median and mode and looking at the range where appropriate
- state implications from their investigation
- look at possible further investigations or improvements to their investigations
| Census@School Time Use Survey What is a Typical Year 8? | |

- discuss features of small amounts of discrete data
- compare features of sets of small amounts of discrete data
- plan and conduct an investigation to ascertain information from a set of data
- report the results of the investigation concisely and coherently
| Discrete Data | |

- plan an investigation
- be able to display time series data
- discuss features of time series distributions
- compare features of time series distributions
- report on possible sources of error and limitations in displayed data
- report the results of a statistical investigations concisely and coherently
| Time Series (L5) | |

- identify questions that can be answered using statistical data
- discuss the notion of "outlier"
- draw box and whisker plots
- compare two such plots
| A Preliminary Investigation of Reaction Times |

### Level 6 Statistical Investigations

Achievement Objectives | Learning Outcomes | Unit title |

- plan an investigation
- be able to display time series data
- discuss the components and features of time series distributions
- compare features of different time series distributions
- report the results of a statistical investigation concisely and coherently
| Time Series (L6) | |

- write and answer a question that compares sets of statistical data
- justify the answer to a question with reference to graphs and statistical calculations
- compare data about two variables
- record statistical information in ways that are helpful for drawing conclusions
- comment on statistical processes e.g. bias, limitations and possible improvements
| Stork Delivery | |

- calculate means
- choose appropriate ways of grouping continuous variables in order to represent them on histograms
- compare two distributions
- discuss the difference between the distribution of a variable and the distribution of the mean of a variable
| Further Investigations of Reaction Times |

The investigation section of this site deals with the development and increasing sophistication of statistical investigations. It is based around the four aspects of posing questions, collecting data, displaying data and discussing results. These four are closely linked as what data is collected can dictate the way that it is displayed and the conclusions that can be reached from the investigation. On the other hand, if some restrictions have been placed on the means of display, only certain types of data collection may be relevant. A number of these statistics investigations involve the use of computer spreadsheets. These units are marked with *.